Concussion, also known as minor traumatic brain injury, is the sudden and temporary loss or disturbance in nerve cell function of the brain that occurs as a result of a blow or an injury to the head. It is common among school children between the age of 8 and 13 who are involved in playing sports such as football, ice hockey, snow skiing, and bicycling.
Usually, concussion may be mild and does not result in long-term damage, but repeated concussion can cause permanent brain damage. This condition can become life-threatening if blood accumulates in the skull.
Some of the most common symptoms of concussion include loss of consciousness, mild to moderate headache or feeling of pressure in the head, difficulty in remembering things, slurred speech, difficulty in thinking and making decisions, lack of concentration, and feeling confused and dazed.
The pediatrician will ask you about the incidence of head injury and symptoms observed. The doctor may also ask some basic questions to assess the child's level of consciousness. In addition, he may perform other tests such as a physical examination, neurological examination, scanning procedures such as X-ray, CT and MRI.
The main treatment for concussion is complete rest from physical and mental activities. Your child must avoid playing sports. The condition may improve gradually. Check with the doctor before your child returns to sports activities.